what are common health problems?
There are many common health problems in the world but 7 most common of them are explained here.
Obesity and Overweight:
Obesity rates have risen dramatically in several parts of the UK, USA, Middle East and North Africa, notably in oil-rich countries, despite the fact that large chunks of the population remain poor.
Hypertension, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, respiratory issues, dyslipidemia, and endometrial, breast, prostate, and colon cancers are all linked to being overweight or obese.
Experts attribute the recent rise in obesity rates to increased calorie intake, increasing urbanization, and the widespread use of technology that encourages sedentary behavior. COVID-19-induced lockdowns haven’t helped matters either. These variables have a disproportionately negative influence on populations where exercise is not a cultural norm.
Exercises and Balanced Diet:
Physical activity has been shown to help prevent or postpone some diseases, such as cancer, heart disease, and diabetes, as well as reduce depression and enhance mood, according to research. Inactivity is a common side effect of growing older, but it doesn’t have to be that way. For fitness and walking activities, inquire at your local churches or synagogues, senior centers, or shopping malls.
If you live and dine alone, your eating habits are likely to be poor, just as they are with exercise. It’s critical for healthy ageing to consume nutrient-dense meals while avoiding empty calories found in candies and sweets.
Tobacco & Smoking:
Tobacco use is the leading avoidable cause of disease and early deaths worldwide. Almost every organ in the human body is affected by cigarettes. Cancer, obesity, cardiovascular disease, lung cancer, and heart attack are all risks associated with it.
You’re more likely to contract TB, develop immunological illnesses like rheumatoid arthritis, and suffer erectile dysfunction if you smoke. Tobacco usage is responsible for more than 7 million fatalities worldwide. Hundreds of towns and counties have also declared themselves anti-smoking and anti-secondhand smoke. Take action to protect your right to clean, breathable air.
Use of Abusive Substances:
Drugs and alcohol are commonly used as abusive substances.
Seniors, like young people, may self-medicate with legal and illicit drugs and alcohol, which can have major health effects. Adults may purposefully or unintentionally combine drugs with alcohol. Many medical professionals neglect to ask seniors about probable drug addiction because of preconceptions about elderly people.
These medicines, which are untested and freely available, are meant to dodge drug restrictions or produce a stronger “high”. Many psychoactive chemicals have been connected to terrorist actions because, in addition to improving physical talents, they also impair a person’s capacity to reason or think sensibly. This is a potentially lethal mix of consequences!
Diabetes – A Silent Killer:
Diabetes is diagnosed when blood glucose levels are consistently high. Diabetes affects about 422 million people worldwide, and it is responsible for 1.6 million deaths each year. Over 80% of fatalities took place in low-and middle-income nations.
Diabetic complications cause nerve and blood vessel damage over time if left untreated. For many years, the symptoms may go unrecognized, yet the damage may eventually be life-threatening. People with diabetes are more likely to develop heart disease, neuropathy (nerve damage), kidney disease, eye disease, foot difficulties, and hearing loss.
Poor Quality Environment:
Despite the fact that pollution affects everyone, official studies show that low-income, racial, and ethnic minorities are more likely to live in locations where they are exposed to environmental hazards. In comparison to the overall population, a larger proportion of the elderly live in poverty.
Millions of people die each year as a result of poor air quality across the world. The most major source is road traffic emissions, closely followed by power generating emissions. Every year, poor air quality brings millions of citizens to the hospital, prompting asthma attacks and exacerbating other respiratory problems. Pollution causes heart disease, cancer, and has a negative impact on the development of children’s lungs, as well as hastening global warming.
Dementia is not a natural component of the ageing process. Disease, drug responses, visual and hearing issues, diseases, dietary imbalances, diabetes, and renal failure are all potential causes of dementia. Dementia comes in numerous forms (including Alzheimer’s disease), and some of them are transitory with proper test necessitates treatment and assistance.
Depression is the most frequent mental health issue that people face as they become older. Depression in the elderly can result in suicide if it is not addressed. Suicide rates among old white males are greater than for any other age group, including youth.