Health and safety, security, and working hours all have an impact on your working environment. A hazardous workplace can harm your health and endanger your safety. Your employer has a legal obligation to provide workplace safety, but you also have a duty to work safely.
Workplace, Health and Safety:
Workplace Health, Safety, and Welfare Regulations, which went into effect in 1993, established minimum criteria for workplaces and work in or around structures.
Except for transportation, building sites, and residential premises, these rules apply to most types of workplaces. Work environments must be accessible to all employees, including those with disabilities of any type.
You have the right to live and work in a clean and friendly environment that is suited for everyone who works or visits. This implies that your employer must consider factors like space, hygiene, lighting, and ventilation, as well as proper restroom, washing, and change rooms.
Workplace hazards aren’t always obvious, but paying close attention to these concerns, as well as those related to emergency equipment, appropriate floors, safe traffic patterns, windows, and doors, can help.
Workplace and Workers’ Duty:
Workers have a right to a secure and healthy environment, and they should speak out if they see something that they don’t like.
That is the message from OSHA and many workplaces safety programs. Employees, on the other hand, may spot risks or sustain damage and fail to report them to their superiors. Two new studies shed light on why young employees and maintenance workers may be reluctant to speak up. Even though the causes differed between the two types of employees, both research points to managers as the answer.
In a study, it is mentioned that a young workers said that they didn’t alert their boss about safety problems because they felt helpless. In the perspective of security, this may entail making recommendations to a supervisor, refusing to conduct risky work, or reporting an issue to a safety officer.
Because of their youth and inexperience, many young people believe they have less power in the job. The teenagers, on the other hand, stated that they would not keep absolutely silent; rather, they would selectively speak up to other employees and, if an agreement on the hazard could be achieved, approach the supervisor as a group.
Once, a researcher wrote in his study about occupational safety and health research. He wrote, one participant responded, “You’d be alone and nothing would be done,” when asked what would happen if they didn’t have co-worker support.
Employers’ and Managers’ Responsibilities:
Employers and managers of non-domestic buildings have a basic responsibility to ensure that the environment fulfils certain standards, like;
Maintenance: Ensure that the workspace, equipment, gadgets, and systems are well-maintained, functional, and in excellent operating order.
Suitable Temperature: Throughout working hours, keep the building at a comfortable temperature A sufficient number of sensors must be given to check the temperature.
Proper Ventilation: Make sure sheltered workspaces are well ventilated with enough fresh, clean air.
Emergency Lightning: So far as is reasonably practicable, it must be appropriate, efficient, and natural. Where there is a risk of a power outage, emergency lighting must be supplied.
Cleanliness: Maintain a tidy work environment and furniture. Waste products should not be piled up unless they are placed in appropriate receptacles.
Space: Ascertain that the workroom has sufficient floor space, height, and vacant space.
Floors: It must be acceptable and not uneven or slick, as this poses a safety hazard. They should be maintained clear of any obstacles that might cause a slip, trip, or fall. Handrails must be installed on stairwells unless they would obstruct traffic.
Windows: Ensure that windows, as well as transparent and clear surfaces, are made of safe materials, that they are properly labelled, and that they are safe to open.
Escalators: Ensure that escalators are safe to use, that essential safety measures are installed, and that immediate stop switches are properly recognized and accessed.
Toilets: offer appropriate and sufficient toilets in easily accessible locations.
Garment: offer acceptable and appropriate clothing storage, as well as laundry facilities for those who use specific clothing.
Restrooms: Provide enough rest facilities in prominent places. Non-smokers must be protected from inconvenience in rest rooms and other public locations. Employees who are pregnant or breast-feeding must be allowed to relax and consume meals in appropriate facilities.
Water: offer a sufficient quantity of safe drinking water and cups that are easily accessible and clearly labelled.
Every worker has the right to work in a secure and peaceful environment. Neat and clean surroundings will have a positive impact on the performance of the workers. On the other hand, an unsecure and dirty workplace can lower the efficiency and effectiveness of the employees working in a factory. They should also be responsible for some little things to manage on their own.